TUBA

Tuba describes any bass-pitched brass instrument that is not a trombone. In their various forms, tubas are descendents of such exotic instruments as the serpent, a kind of bass trumpet with fingerholes, and the ophicleide, a bass bugle with keys.

The first named tuba made its appearance in Germany in 1835. Like all the brass, tubas were vastly improved by the early 19th century instrument makers.

Berlioz, a great lover of brass, was the first to include early tubas in his works in the 1830s, followed by Wagner who used as many as nine in The Ring, and Mahler who scored frequent solo passages.

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